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Research Paper | Toxicology Science | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
A Retrospective Study of Deaths due to Poisoning in Tertiary Care Hospital, Solapur
Dr. Vijay V. Waghmode | Dr. Balaji Patil | Dr. Sheshan Kamble | Dr. Yogiraj Karamblekar | Dr. Santosh Bhoi
Abstract: Background with Objectives: This study aims at determining socio-demographic profile, pattern of poisoning during the study period. Objective of this study is to identify common poison causing deaths and different parameters. Materials and methods: 1) History of the cases, relevant police documents 2) Hospital treatment papers of the deceased. 3) Post-mortem reports. 4) Toxicology report from state forensic science laboratory. Results: This study is conducted from 01 December 2020 to 30 November 2021, Out of total 2598 cases, deaths due to organophosphorus compounds poisoning observed were 22 i.e (22.91%). Out of 96 cases of poisoning 60 were males i.e. (62.5%) out of which 64 including male and female i.e 66.7% were married. Most of them were from rural area i.e (74%) and 27 deceased were students i.e. (28.2%). Discussion: In the present study, incidence of poisoning found to be 3.96%. Male victim (62.50%) outnumbered female (37.50%) as males lead a more stressful life than female due to family responsibilities. Maximum numbers of cases (33.33%) were in the age group 20-29 years due to the fact that at this period they are by nature more emotional, aggressive, intolerant and irrational. Majority of victims belong to the student community (28.12%), as this group is less exposed to life with worries of study, future unemployment and love affairs. The present study findings are similar with most of the studies done in this field like study of Dr. Khairul Hussain, Assam in 2019, GMCH Chandigarh study, G.G. Hospital Jamnagar etc. [4, 6] The study is in difference with the PGIMS, Rohtak study where the most common poison found to be used is the organochlorine insecticides where as in the present study the organophosphates are the most common poison used.  Conclusion: Measures to improve the socioeconomic conditions through reforms in the field of education, health, employment and more economic as well as scientific support to cultivators are expected to decrease the incidence of poisoning. Proper education of common people, cultivators about storage, handling, uses of pesticide and insecticide is expected to reduce incidence of poisoning.
Keywords: Poisoning, Insecticide, Postmortem
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 644 - 646