International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Physiology | Sudan | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023

Electrocardiograph (ECG) Findings on Rheumatic Heart Disease Patient in Port Sudan

Manal Hamed Awad [3] | Mohammed Gorashi Ahmed [3] | Hwida AbdELmageid [2] | Adam A. Hussein [2] | Maha Awad Alkarim [3]

Abstract: Background: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is regarded as a main cause of acquired heart disease in young people worldwide. Objective: To evaluate the ECG changes in rheumatic heart disease patient, To estimate incidence of atrial fibrillation in patients of rheumatic heart disease, to study clinical correlation of atrial fibrillation in term of mitral valve area in mitral stenosis. Methods: The 115 rheumatic heart disease patients who visited the cardiology referral clinic at Digna Price Hospital in Port Sudan, Sudan, between 2018 and 2020 are the subjects of this convenience study. When each of them had received information about the study, they all signed informed consent forms. The fundamental pieces of information that were acquired through an interview questionnaire included age, gender, ethnicity, and blood pressure, 12 leads ECG was down to each patient. Results: Only 18.3% of the rheumatic heart disease patients in this study had atrial fibrillation, while the majority of their electrocardiograph (ECG) rhythms (81.7%) were sinus rhythm. Significant correlations between mitral stenosis and variations in ECG rhythm were discovered in this study (p value =.000). The presence of AF was significantly correlated with left a trial diameter and congestive heart failure (p value =.001, 008).

Keywords: ECG, rheumatic heart disease

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,

Pages: 878 - 883

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