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Research Paper | Law | India | Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023
IUU Fishing and Maritime Threat: A Rise in Transnational Maritime Non-Traditional Threat to Security with Particular Reference to the Indian Ocean
Shivam Kumar Pandey
Abstract: The current situation is depressing even though IUU (Illegal, Unregulated, and Unreported) Fishing is the most significant maritime security danger. Non-traditional threats have been a burden on the current marine security framework. In addition, the region's security infrastructure is being undermined by increased unprincipled acts and forceful techniques in the Indian Ocean's waters. The strategic arena of different countries has undergone a tremendous transformation due to the intense competition to express power, with severe ramifications for the economy, security, and environment. The harsh security situation at the global level indicates maritime governance's ineffectiveness. Widespread illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities threaten maritime security on a global scale. Also, the insufficiency of RFMOs (Regional Fishery Management Organizations) has emerged as a critical geopolitical issue. The stresses on Indian Ocean fish populations have not been alleviated despite efforts by global and regional organizations to bridge their legallacunas. The paper will shed light on the concept of IUU fishing and also discuss why such a fishing technique is one of the significant threats to the Indian Ocean. The paper will also discuss the legal framework of India in combating IUU fishing.
Keywords: marine, geopolitical, illegal, fishing, organizations
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 4, April 2023,
Pages: 1574 - 1578