International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Comparative Studies | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023 | Rating: 5.3 / 10


A Study to Evaluate the Hemodynamic Effects of Swiss Ball Exercises in Post Operative Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Patients

Goldy Jain [2] | Dr. Chirag Purbia [2]


Abstract: Background: Swiss ball exercises for post - operative CABG patients, which are not, performed on large number of population the cardiovascular effect of exercises that involves coordination, stabilization, thoracic expansion and lung expansion and arm mobility exercises therefore, the study focused on evaluation of the hemodynamic effect of Swiss ball exercises on the cardiovascular system in post CABG Patients. Objective Of The Study: The patients with coronary artery bypass graft patients can be early mobilize by Swiss ball exercises. The aim of the study is to investigate the hemodynamic effects of the treatment. We aim at assessing cardiovascular system. Design: Convenient random sampling. Subjects: Data was collected from Geetanjali Medical College and Hospital; Cardio Thoracic Vascular Surgery Intense Care Unit. Methodology: This study includes 124 subjects both male and female of age 45 to 75 years who were eligible as per the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups - Group A (Swiss ball exercise individuals=62 subjects) and Group B (conventional exercises individuals= 62 subjects). Pre - participation subjective data along with consent forms were given to subjects to fulfill criteria for selection. Group ?A? subject performed Swiss ball exercises and Group ?B? subject perform conventional exercises from post - operative day 3 thrice a day. Heart Rate and Blood Pressure (Systolic and Diastolic BP) were recorded pre and post intervention each alternative day. Heart Rate was measured by manual palpatory method and Blood Pressure by Sphygmomanometer and secondary outcomes are respiratory rate and saturation oxygen. Results: Results showed that there was a significant difference in HR; SBP; DBP during pre - exercise session and HR, SBP and DBP were significantly higher during post exercise session of group A and group B. Although, Group A (Swiss ball individuals) experienced more cardiovascular demand as increased but the intervention has cardiovascular effects on GROUP B (conventional individual) HR value 80.95+5 beat per mint (on day 4th p<0.001, day 6th p<0.001), SBP value 138+5mmHg (on day 4th p<0.001, day 6th p<0.001), DBP value 75+5 mmHg (on day 4th p<0.20, on day 6th p<0.25). Conclusion: Swiss ball exercises have effective cardiovascular effects on post - operative CABG patients. This intervention may include routine care in CABG patients.


Keywords: CABG, Swiss ball, heart rate, blood pressure, cardiac physiotherapy


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,


Pages: 1078 - 1082


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