International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Political Science | Kenya | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023 | Rating: 4.9 / 10

The Impact of Al-Shabab Terror Activities on Kenya-Somalia Boarder Security: A Case of Wajir County

Mohamud Mohamed Abdullahi

Abstract: Terrorism and terrorist activities continue to threaten national, boarder and international security not only in the region but also globally. The study is aimed at determining the impact of Al-shabab terror activities in Kenya and Somalia. The objective of the study was to establish how informal militant administration, insurgent road side bomb attacks, suicidal attacks and disruption of government operations affect the Kenya ?Somali Boarder Security. The study applied the Constructivist Model of Radicalization and The 3N theory of radicalization to understand the concept of radicalization that explains the Alsh-baba terrorist activities. The researcher adapted a descriptive research design as there are variables which cannot be quantified but can only be described in descriptive statistics. The study population is 74 respondents that included the government of Kenya and Federal Government of Somalia officials at the border towns, the Kenyan and Somalia Police at the Boarder and the Public Administration at the border towns of Kenya - Somalia, boarder immigration staff and the members of joint security committee (Kenya). The study sample was derived from the target population through Slovin?s (2006) formula for sample determination. Stratified sampling method was applied by the study and was select 63 out of 74 targeted respondents. Primary data were the main data used by the study and was collected through the administering of questionnaire to the respondents. Quantitative data was analyzed through descriptive statistics and used mean, mode and standard deviation. Quantitative statistics was analyzed through inferential statistics that included Pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. This helped to draw conclusion on the relations between variables and the nature of relationship. Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS 23) was used to analyze the collected data while tables, charts and percentages graphs was used for data presentation through the help of Microsoft Excel package. The results from a multiple regression model used in the study indicated that Al-shabab terror activities factors significantly (P<0.000) affected Kenya-Somalia boarder security in Wajir County and that insecurity at the border towns along Kenya-Somalia can be attributed to Al-shabab terror activities. The study recommended that there is need for psychological and theoretical approach to Alshab attacks as it is related radicalization which is as a results of major invalidation of an individual?s construing, there is also need of tightening security loopholes that continue to be taken advantage of by the Alshabab and that there is need for both governments to have a collective policy approach in dealing with Alshaba in the border towns of the two countries.

Keywords: Terrorism, Terrorist Activities, Al-Shabab, Boarder Security, Kenya, Somalia

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,

Pages: 1418 - 1422

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