International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Science and Technology | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023

The Rise of Robotics: Artificial Intelligence as a Weapon

Aryan Sanjeev [2] | Pari Paliwal

Abstract: Technological advancement has devolved into a rat race. Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming the centre of the global power play in the race to lead the emerging technology race & the futuristic warfare battleground. We adore the fact that we can unlock our phones with our faces & that Amazon can anticipate our needs. From a smart vacuum that can learn floor plans to "Killer Robots" that can revolutionise the battlefield, AI has both mundane & extraordinary applications. While AI applications in healthcare, education, logistics, & agriculture help people develop, its military applications can make war more lethal. The development of autonomous weapons systems (AWS) is advancing rapidly across many nations, & this increase in the weaponization of artificial intelligence appears to be a highly destabilizing development. The use of machines to harm one's adversary has a history that rivals that of humanity itself. However, recent advancements in automation & artificial intelligence may, for the first time in recorded history, transfer control of violence from humans to machines. This possibility has sparked a heated debate on ethics & morality in a variety of national & international forums concerning the use of such machines. The primary goal of this conceptual paper is to alert the lay reader (rather than the expert or practitioner) to the dangers posed to global communities by nation-states' continued efforts to merge Artificial Intelligence (AI) with lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS). Human-armed inter-state warfare is primarily regulated under International Humanitarian Law (IHL). However, LAWS provide an especially strong threat to IHL, owing to the former's ability to completely replace the human person (as the administrator of violence), calling into doubt the validity of the basic adjective "humanitarian" upon which the entire superstructure of IHL is founded.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous Weapon Systems (AWS), International Humanitarian Law (IHL), Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems (LAWS), Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV), Cybersecurity, Robotics, Warfare

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,

Pages: 1167 - 1170

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