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Research Paper | Radiology and Medical Imaging Sciences | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023
Role of 2D/3D Ultrasound in Congenital Fetal Anomalies with MRI Correlation
Dr. Yasmeen Usmani | Dr. Mohd Aasif
Abstract: Background: Congenital anomalies, which frequently have an unidentified cause and result in serious physical, psychological, and social issues, are said to affect about 2% of newborn kids . Ultrasound (2D/3D) is the most widely used screening technique for foetal imaging, but it has limitations, including a small field of view, limited soft tissue acoustic contrast, beam attenuation by adipose tissue, poor image quality in oligohydramnios, and limited visualisation of the posterior fossa in later stages of pregnancy due to calvarial calcification [1-3]. Therefore, to confirm these results in comprehensive ultrasonography, MRI Correlation is needed. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of the study is the role of 2D/3D Ultrasound in congenital fetal anomalies with MRI correlation. Materials and Method: The study was conducted in Department of Radiodiagnosis, LLRM Medical College, Meerut on 40 pregnant female with strong suspicoius of having congenital fetal anomalies. After ultrasound, MRI was done within one week of USG. Observations and Results: Out of 40 cases of strongly suspected congenital fetal anomalies USG was able to correctly identify 33 cases, in which 11 cases of CNS fetal anomalies out of 15 cases and 22 cases of Non-CNS fetal anomalies out of 25 cases. These cases was confirmed further on MRI. Conclusion: The ultrasonograpy diagnosed correctly 11 cases out of 15 cases of CNS anomalies. Moreover the ultrasound unable to diagnosis of CNS anomalies in the four cases of porencephalic cyst, lissencephaly occipital meningocele and corpus callosum agenesis (one case). Ultrasound was also correctly diagnosed twenty two cases out of twenty five cases. Moreover, it was unable to diagnosis of non CNS anomalies in the three cases of Cleft lip & palate (one case), congenital diaphragmatic hernia and Multicystic dysplastic kidney. The sensitivity of the ultrasonograpy for the diagnosis of the anomalies was 82.5%.
Keywords: Prenatal 2D/3D USG, Congenital fetal anomalies and MRI
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,
Pages: 1330 - 1338