International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Pathology | India | Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023

Cytohistopathological Study of Salivary Gland Lesions in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Dr. Parita Patel | Dr. Pruthvi Patel

Abstract: Background: Due to its low cost, quick turnaround time, high specificity, and sensitivity, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a useful procedure for assessing suspected salivary gland lesions. Salivary gland lesions are still best assessed by a histopathological analysis of the tissue that has been removed from the affected glands. Aim and objectives: 1) To evaluate the cyto-histopathological spectrum of salivary gland lesions.2) To find out the correlation of cytological findings from FNAC with histopathological diagnosis of salivary gland lesions. Methods and Material: Between January 2021 and June 2022, a one and a half year period, 35 patients with salivary glands swelling included in this study. A 10 mL disposable syringe and a 23/24-gauge needle were used during FNA procedures without the use of local anaesthesia from different sites of the salivary gland swelling. Haematoxylin and eosin staining of paraffin-embedded tissue slices taken from salivary gland tissue was performed. Results: Total 35 cases studied in which 21 were male and 14 were female (M: F = 1.5: 1). Age of patients ranged from 11 years to 84 years. Commonest gland involved was parotid (77.14%). According to the cyto-histological diagnosis, commonest benign neoplasm was pleomorphic adenoma. Amongst malignant neoplasms most common was mucoepidermoid carcinoma (2/35, 5.71%) and malignant epithelial neoplasms (2/35, 5.71%) on cytology. Total (22.86%) cases were diagnosed as malignant neoplasm on histopathology. Most common malignant tumour was mucoepidermoid carcinoma (8.57%). Conclusion: With sufficient sampling and an experienced cytopathologist, the majority of salivary gland lesions can be accurately diagnosed using FNA.

Keywords: Salivary gland, FNAC, Histopathology, Pleomorphic adenoma, Mucoepidermoid carcinoma

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 3, March 2023,

Pages: 258 - 261

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