International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Nursing | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023


Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Menopause among the Women in Selected Area at Vijayapura District, Karnataka

Sangamesh Pattanshetti | Annapurna Pattanshetti | Shrikant Desai | Jayshree Itti


Abstract: Women are the second creator of the world after God. She is responsible for life on our planet earth. So, such an important creature, women and her health is an important issue. When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. Often called the "change of life, "this stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children. It is the physiological cessation of the menstrual cycle associated with advancing age. It is a natural process that happens in every women as she grows older and not a medical problem, disease or illness, even though it may appear so.2 Method: An evaluator approach with a pre?experimental (one group pretest - posttest) design was used for the study. The sample consisted of 60 menopausal women selected by purposive sampling technique. Pretest was conducted by administering a structured knowledge questionnaire prepared by the investigator. After the pretest, the SIM is issued to the menopausal women, and the seventh - day posttest was conducted using the same knowledge questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: In the pretest, the overall mean rate of knowledge score was 40%, and that of the posttest was 81.61%, with an enhancement of 41.61%. The statistical paired? value 16 is greater than the table value 2.02, implying that the difference between the pretest and posttest knowledge scores was statistically significant at a 5% level. Hence stated null hypothesis H01 is rejected in relation to all aspects of knowledge, and research hypothesis H1 is accepted. The association between the posttest knowledge scores of respondents with selected demographic variables. The calculated x2 value concerning Age (x2 = 0.33 (NS), P<0.05) 2df, Religion (x2 = 0.57 (NS) P<0.05) 2df, Educational Status (x2 = 0.30 (NS) P<0.05) 3df, Marital status (x2 = 0.06 (NS) P<0.05) 1df, Family income (x2=0.17 (NS) P<0.05) 2 df, Source of Information (x2 = 0.02 (NS) P<0.05) 1df, were less than the table values at 0.05 level of significance. Therefore no significant association was found between all variables and the post - test knowledge level of Women. Hence null hypothesis H02 is accepted, and research hypothesis H2 is rejected for these variables. Conclusion: The study's findings showed that the knowledge of menopausal women was not satisfied before the introduction of SIM intervention. The SIM intervention helped them to learn more about the management of menopausal symptoms. The posttest knowledge score showed a significant increase in the level of knowledge of menopausal women Hence the SIM intervention is an effective teaching strategy for providing information and improving the understanding of menopausal women.


Keywords: Effectiveness, SIM intervention, knowledge, management, menopausal symptoms, menopausal women


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,


Pages: 427 - 431


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