International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023 | Rating: 5.6 / 10

Clinical Profile and Treatment Outcomes among Swine Flu (H1N1) Infected Patients

Dr. Ashish Gade | Dr. Anil Sontakke | Dr. Balkrishna Tayade

Abstract: Background: Influenza causes seasonal epidemics in world annually. H1N1 one of the strains of influenza virus also known to cause swine flu globally and is very well - known pandemic infection in recent times. Affects mainly middle - aged population with hence there is importance of gathering evidence for effective treatment & intensive care management. Hence observational retrospective study of swine flu patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit and ward in tertiary care centre is done. Aims: To know profile and pattern of swine flu patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit and isolation wards also study treatment outcomes and factors associated. Materials and Methods: Demographic, clinical and lab data of 16 swine flu cases were collected and analyzed between survivors and non survivors. Data like gender, co - morbidities, laboratory values and radiological finding were analyzed and outcome presented as frequency and percentages. Results: This retrospective study based on collection of data from 15 swine flu patients from 21/07/2022 to 30/09/2022. Out of 15 patients 10 (66%) were male and 5 (34%) were female.13 (86%) got discharged and 2 (34%) could not be survived. Case fatality between male and female is 50%. Case fatality between male and female is 50%. Most patients present with fever (100%) and cough (75%) and dyspnoea present in 80% 0f patients. Procalcitonin positive in positive in 2 patients both could not be survived. Conclusion: Patients mainly present with fever and dysopnea, tachyonea and tachycardia mainly associated with intensive care. Arterial blood gas analysis and PaO2/FiO2 is important in deciding severity of lung injury and need for ventilatory support. Respiratory failure is main cause for mortality. Serum procalcitonin level is useful in determining outcomes.

Keywords: Influenza virus, Acute lung injury, Procalcitonin level, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), PaO2/Fio2

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 2, February 2023,

Pages: 231 - 234

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