International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024

Effect of a Structured Exercise Program on Attention Span, Behaviour and Motor Skills in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Kriti Arora | Dimple Choudhry [4] | Sujata Sethi | Manshi [12]

Abstract: Background: Hyperactivity, inattentiveness, and impulsivity are the three behaviours that define Attention Deficit - Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a common behavioural disorder that typically first manifests in childhood. It is thought that prenatal problems or a mild brain abnormality brought on by heredity are the causes of ADHD. Reductions in the regions of basal ganglia, cerebellum, frontal lobes, and corpus callosum are characteristics of ADHD. Input - output attention processing, including alerting and executive functions, is involved in these networks. In the central nervous system's synaptic clefts, physical activity is thought to increase dopamine and norepinephrine availability. Objective: To find out the effect of a structured exercise program on attention span, behaviour and motor skills in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Study selection: This narrative review is conducted on databases from Pub med, Google scholar, ResearchGate and Cochrane library in Nov 2023. This review included 7 studies on the effect of physical therapy on various parameters in ADHD. Conclusion: The main symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children can be improved by physical activity, but there aren't many studies comparing the benefits of physical activity for boys and girls with ADHD or for adolescents and non - adolescents with the disorder. Therefore, it is necessary to include all age groups and take into account both male and female populations in order to develop a definitive protocol for children with ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD, physical activity, attention span, gender differences, age groups

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024,

Pages: 1237 - 1241

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