International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Case Studies | Solid Waste Management | India | Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024

Improving Solid Waste Management in Municipalities using GIS Analysis in smart Cities, Punjab

Manpreet Singh [4]

Abstract: Waste "to use or spend something in a careless way or for something that is not necessary". Solid waste is also known as trash or garbage in Developed Nations. It is a type of anything that has been discarded by people every day. Fundamental issue in 21st century is to manage solid waste effectively and efficiently. The study majorly focuses on increase in performance for solid waste management at municipality's level in Smart Cities in Punjab State. The area is mostly residential and most of the solid waste is created in the home, such as food and vegetable's waste. At ground level Smart Cities in Developing countries have more challenges for solid waste management plan, due to their old infrastructure, Administrative problem, Lack of use of technology etc. Solid Waste Management (SWM) is a growing concern for governments across the world, as urbanization increases and populations grow. This note illustrates the use of GIS & ICT technology for developing a road map for solid waste and in monitoring and improving vehicle activity, waste container visits and hence secondary collection of solid waste in major municipality's in Punjab. Study majorly focus on three objectives; identify the existing municipal solid waste management condition and their effect on different factors such as health and the environment; reallocation of waste collection bins in the study area using GIS and proposed route for collection. Solid waste management is the primary responsibility of the Municipal Corporations which have all these factors related to SWM collection, storage, segregation, transportation and most important disposal. GIS helps to develop the frame work for optimizing the waste collection and transport system. Study also proposed to show the placement of bins at equal distance. Policy that will be useful for improving performance in MSWM system with GIS and ICT technology and subsequently in reaching ever stricter environmental targets requested over time at both national and international levels translated to a municipal level. Punjab Generates 4300 TPD of Municipal solid waste Government of Punjab has formulated a scheme for SWM plants for all the major cities by arranging them in the form of cluster. The 146 urban local bodies (ULBs) also part in PPP mode for period of 25 year. The state divided into 8 clusters by the Punjab Pollution control board. Also by adopting new technologies like GIS & ICT can provide better road map has given to track overall system for MSWM. Based on the different analysis, study proposes various policy recommendations in terms of administrative challenges and technology incubation for SWM in the different municipalities in smart cities.

Keywords: Geographic Information system, Waste Collection, Municipal solid waste

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 1, January 2024,

Pages: 1588 - 1592

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