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Research Paper | Industrial Engineering | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023
Efficient and Energy - Saving Street Smart Lighting System, Reducing Ozone Depletion and Minimizing UV Radiation Exposure for Reducing Cancer using Arduino Micro Controller
S. Jehovah Jireh Arputhamoni
Abstract: The depletion of the ozone layer and the increasing levels of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on Earth's surface pose significant threats to human health and the environment. To address this pressing issue, this research introduces a novel approach utilizing Internet of Things (IoT) technology and ultrasonic sensors to create a smart lighting system capable of reducing ozone depletion and minimizing UV radiation exposure. The first objective of this work is to create an efficient and energy-saving street lighting system equipped with ultrasonic sensors and an Arduino microcontroller. The second objective is to significantly reduce the electricity consumption of street lights during nighttime hours by applying an intelligent control system. Our proposed solution leverages ultrasonic sensors to detect human presence and movement within the vicinity of streetlights. These sensors, coupled with an Arduino microcontroller, enable the system to adaptively control the illumination levels. When there are no pedestrians or vehicles nearby, the system reduces the intensity of street lighting to a minimum, thus conserving energy. Conversely, when activity is detected, the system intelligently increases the brightness to ensure safety and visibility.The IoT infrastructure connects the sensors to a central control unit, which processes the data and communicates with the lighting system. In addition to occupancy-based lighting control, the system incorporates a UV sensor to monitor ambient UV radiation levels. This real-time UV data is utilized to adjust the intensity of lighting, creating an environment that safeguards occupants from overexposure to harmful UV rays. The system aims to strike a balance between illumination needs and UV protection, promoting both comfort and well-being.
Keywords: ozone layer depletion, ultraviolet radiation, IoT technology, energy-saving lighting, Arduino microcontroller
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,
Pages: 1645 - 1650