International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Pharmaceutical Science | United States of America | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023


Optimization of an Antifungal Nail Polish Containing Itraconazole 1% and Evaluation for its Transungual Penetration

Sukanya Nagfernandes | Dr. Mali R. Gupta


Abstract: Broad-spectrum antifungal drug deployed for topical therapy, specific for onychomycosis, Itraconazole was used as the active pharmaceutical ingredient in a nail lacquer formulation1. The objective of the study was to optimize an antifungal nail lacquer, which when applied topically onto the dorsal surface of the nail plate would facilitate the transungual penetration of the drug. Itraconazole hydrochloride was synthesized to aid the formulation of the lacquers. The optimization involved comparing four different formulations of 1%w/w Itraconazole nail lacquers containing combinations of penetration enhancers (Papain, Salicylic acid, Urea) based on their ability to facilitate diffusion of the drug through the nail plate over five days. The drug uptake was quantified by extracting the drug from the nail clippings and analyzing it. The tests conducted to account for the quality of the optimized formulation were drug content, spread ability, check for precipitation, and accelerated stability. The results demonstrated that the optimized 1%w/w Itraconazole nail lacquer contained 5%w/w Papain, 5 %w/w Salicylic Acid, and 2.8% w/w Urea. The drug uptake from nail clippings was higher than the literature derived reference MIC90 value for T. Rubrum strain, and the quality of the optimized lacquer was not compromised throughout three weeks [2]. The hypothesis stated that the inclusion of Salicylic acid, Papain, and Urea in an Itraconazole (1%w/w) nail lacquer would have the highest transungual penetration on application to the nail plate. In conclusion, the hypothesis was accepted, and the optimized lacquer passed the drug uptake evaluation and all quality control tests.


Keywords: Transungual, Nail Lacquer, Itraconazole Hydrochloride, Antifungal, Nail plate


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,


Pages: 1513 - 1518


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