International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Nursing | India | Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023 | Rating: 5.2 / 10


A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching on Knowledge and Practice regarding Use of Incentive Spirometry in Post Operative Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery in Apollo Hospitals, Visakhapatnam

M. Navya | Raghaveni .R [2] | Basemath .S .S Morris [2]


Abstract: Background: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are common occurrences after major cardiac, thoracic, and abdominal surgeries because effects from the surgical procedures, anesthesia, and pain can impede chest wall mobility and lung expansion. The main aim of post - operative care is to prevent complications, i. e., atelectasis and infection. Incentive spirometry is also called sustained maximal inspiration (SMI) and is considered bronchial hygiene therapy. This is mainly designed to function as a natural yawn, including long, slow, deep breaths. Incentive spirometry is done by using a device that provides patients with visual and positive feedback when they inhale at a predetermined volume, and inflation should last for a minimum of 3 seconds. Materials and Methods: A pre - experimental research design was adopted to find out the knowledge of postoperative patients undergoing cardiac surgery regarding the use of incentive spirometry at Apollo Hospitals, Visakhapatnam. A total of 60 postoperative patients were selected using the convenience sampling technique. Data were collected by using a pre - tested knowledge questionnaire and practice checklist. A pre - test was conducted for 60 respondents using a knowledge questionnaire and practice checklist regarding the use of incentive spirometry. After the completion of the pre - test, the respondents were trained regarding the use of incentive spirometry, and a post test was conducted. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The planned teaching was found to be effective in increasing the knowledge and practice of the postoperative patients regarding incentive spirometry, as the calculated "t" values for knowledge (13.01) and practice (10.8) are greater than the table values (2.66) at the 0.05 level of significance. There was a significant association between the knowledge of the postoperative patients and the demographic variables such as age, gender, educational qualification, and source of information at the 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: The study revealed that incentive spirometry is more effective in improving lung capacity among post - operative patients undergoing cardiac surgery, which further improves blood circulation and hastens the early recovery of surgical wounds. This incentive spirometry plays a vital role in postoperative care. All nurses who are involved in postoperative units should encourage and educate the patients to do it on a regular basis.


Keywords: effectiveness, knowledge, practice, incentive spirometry, postoperative patients, cardiac surgery


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023,


Pages: 926 - 930


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