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Doctoral Thesis | Nursing | India | Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023
A Quantitative Analysis on the Importance of Giving Knowledge Regarding Cervical Cancer among Doctors to Pregnant Women and to Assess the Knowledge of Pregnant Women regarding Cervical Cancer at Delhi NCR Hospital
Dr. Priyanka Chauhan
Abstract: Background: Cancer of the cervix occurs when the cells of cervix multiply unchecked. They grow to a pre - cancerous stage and replicate rapidly. In certain circumstances, cancer cells proliferate rapidly within a year, while in other cases it may take considerable time. Cervical cancer is the most frequently diagnosed gynaecological malignancy during pregnancies. Incidence levels range between 0.1 and 12 for every 10, 000 pregnancies [Al - Halal et al.2012]. Incidence levels reported for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) range from 1.30 to 2.7 per 1000 pregnancies. Because of the disease?s unusual existence and the uncertainty of all variables that need to be addressed, care standardization is very complicated. Materials and Methods: Study participants were 200 pregnant women who were visiting the hospital and the 60 Doctors who were directly involved in the management of such patients. The researcher collected and analysed data without manipulation. Two different questionnaires have been used for respective qualitative and quantitative studies. Closed ended questionnaires have been used for conducting the quantitative analysis with the patients whereas open ended questions have been used for conducting qualitative analysis with the doctor?s interview responses. Thus this study has utilized abductive method which is a combination of inductive and deductive method. The primary data has been utilized in this study, which is the first - hand data collected in both qualitative and quantitative analysis from doctors and patients respectively. The questionnaires were hand delivered to the study participants/respondents. Duly filled questionnaires were collected the same day. The study aimed at analysing data available to come up with critical conclusions. Likert Scale was included in questionnaires for assessment of attitude and opinions. The collected data was analysed through the package IBM SPSS with frequency distribution graph and table, standard deviation, central tendency, ANOVA, chi - square, correlation and regression. Results: The qualitative study involving 60 doctors in Delhi NCR hospitals aimed to assess pregnant women's awareness of cervical cancer during pregnancy. The study emphasized the role of healthcare providers in offering comprehensive information and addressing misconceptions. Proposed improvements included mobile apps and dedicated workshops for providers, and collaborative efforts between healthcare institutions and public health organizations for enhanced awareness. The quantitative analysis involving 200 pregnant women visiting Delhi NCR hospitals has attained following insights. For the first objective, a frequency and percentage analysis was performed, revealing gaps in awareness among pregnant women about cervical cancer prevention and treatment during pregnancy. These analyses revealed that a considerable proportion of pregnant women are lacking sufficient knowledge regarding cervical cancer and its prevention during pregnancy. The second objective was addressed through correlation and ANOVA analyses, highlighting the influence of socio - economic factors on knowledge acquisition. These analyses revealed that the socio - economic conditions including age, educational status, occupation and monthly income has influence on the knowledge acquisition regarding cervical cancer during pregnancy. The results of correlation and ANOVA studies obtained P - values less than 0.05 indicating that the results are significant. Lastly, the third objective involved a frequency and percentage analysis, indicating the need for improved awareness programs. The results of these analyses suggested on targeted awareness campaigns, information dissemination through digital platforms, prenatal educational integration and community engagement. Conclusion: Overall, the study emphasized the role of healthcare providers in offering comprehensive information and addressing misconceptions and underscores the importance of tailored education, strategies and modern approaches like mobile apps and websites to bridge knowledge gaps among pregnant women regarding cervical cancer prevention during pregnancy.
Keywords: Assess, Knowledge, Awareness, Cervical Cancer, Pregnant women
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 12, December 2023,
Pages: 561 - 571