International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Review Papers | Ophthalmology | India | Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023


Review of Presbyopia and Spectacle Management

Rahul Deb Bera


Abstract: Presbyopia is a physiological phenomenon. It is a disability to concentrate effectively on closer objects that occurs as the eye ages. It affects mainly the age group over 40 and also in some cases before the age of 40, many persons get difficulties to see at near point. Around 1.8 billion people have presbyopia globally which is nearly 25% of the world's population. It also significantly affects the quality of life. It occurs as the people get older it affects more. The main symptoms of presbyopia are headache and difficulty to see at near objects. Presbyopia is not a disease, it is a natural component of age. As we become old our lens start losing flexibility to make itself in convex shape and strength of ciliary muscles. It is also known as age - related farsightedness. It can also occur with uncorrected refractive errors like hyperopia. In this paper, we will discuss the physiological changes of the eye and possible spectacle management which are available in the recent market.


Keywords: Presbyopia, age - related farsightedness, physiological changes, spectacle management, hyperopia


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023,


Pages: 1253 - 1255


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