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Research Paper | Law | India | Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023
Exploring the Right to Die with Dignity: A Legal Analysis of Indian Legislation and Global Perspectives
Abstract: Every human life has value. Every precaution needs to be taken to protect an individual's life. The question of whether someone should be allowed to take their own life is more complex than just logic. The right to die has been a major public discussion point and has gradually gained significance in recent years. The freedom to choose to continue or discontinue medical treatment or a life support system for a terminally ill person, or for someone who has tragically fallen into a comatose or persistent vegetative state, is known as the right to die, or the right to end life in one's own terms. As it should be, active euthanasia is not recognized in India. The Indian Supreme Court has declared that the right to passive euthanasia or to die with dignity is a fundamental right. By legalizing passive euthanasia in 2018, the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, composed of a Constitutional Bench of five judges, appropriately acknowledged and upheld the right to die with dignity as an essential component of the right to life. Note that the Indian Constitution only specifies the parameters and authority of the right to life in Part III of the Indian Constitution. It is interesting to note that euthanasia is legal and accepted in a number of countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Germany, Japan, Colombia, Albania, and Canada, where it is openly practiced. The author of this paper attempts to analyze the current Indian legislation regarding the right to die with dignity. The author examines Indian law in light of recent rulings by Indian judges regarding the right to pass away in dignity.
Keywords: Euthanasia, Physician assisted Suicide, Mercy killing, Right to die
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 11, November 2023,
Pages: 628 - 630