International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Masters Thesis | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023


Prevalence of Upper Crossed Syndrome in Young Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

Sethi K Srichandan | Sarkar Bibhuti | Kumar Pravin | Kumar Anil


Abstract: Upper crossed syndrome is defined as a common postural dysfunctional pattern characterized by tight upper trapezius, levator scapulae on the dorsal side that crosses with tight pectoralis major and pectoralis minor paired with weak deep neck flexors ventrally thatcrosses with the middle and lower trapezius dorsally. This postural imbalance among young individuals can lead to neck pain in future. Hence, the aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of upper crossed syndrome in young males and females within the age group of 17 to 26 years. Strength of deep neck flexors and middle trapezius; length of upper trapezius and pectoralis minor were measured in 205 healthy volunteers (115 male, 90 female). SPSS version 25 software was used for data analysis and the results suggested that there is no prevalence of upper crossed syndrome in young individuals because shortness of upper trapezius was not identified. Among 205 volunteers, 55.6% had weakness of deep neck flexors, 91.22% had weakness in right middle trapezius, 96.5% had weakness in left middle trapezius, 97.07% had right pectoralis minor tightness and 89.75% had left pectoralis minor tightness. Prevalence of upper crossed syndrome was not identified among young individuals within the age group of 17 to 26 years.


Keywords: Upper crossed syndrome, Deep neck flexors, Upper trapezius, Middle trapezius, Pectoralis minor


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 1, January 2023,


Pages: 328 - 333


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