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Research Paper | Agriculture | India | Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022
Stubble burning Menace: Problem & Solution
Abstract: Stubble burning has been identified as a major source of air pollution, especially in South Asia. It is a significant source of both gaseous and particulate pollutants, both of which have serious consequences for human health and the environment. The situation in India has worsened as a result of the intensive rice - wheat rotation system, which generates a large amount of stubble, particularly in Punjab and Haryana. Approximately 84 Mt (23.86%) of the stubble is burned on the field immediately after harvesting every year. Farmers use crop residue combustion to prepare land for future cultivation, so they burn rice husks. During stubble burning time, most Indian cities, especially those in the National Capital Region, suffer from severe air pollution which causes lung diseases, including asthma, COPD, bronchitis and cancer. Crop stubbles (If used properly) could provide enormous economic benefits to farmers including incorporating stubble into the soil, using stubble as fuel in power plants, using stubble as raw material for the pulp and paper industries, or using stubble as biomass for biofuel production. Farmers in North India are unaware of the various options for managing stubble and, as a result, believe that burning is the quickest and cheapest option. This necessitates massive awareness campaigns to educate farmers about the accessibility of economically viable options and the cumulative impact of stubble burning.
Keywords: Stubble Burning, Rice Husk Management
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022,
Pages: 1037 - 1044