International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Student Project | Pharmacy | India | Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022

Assessment of Effect of Knowledge and Medication Adherence on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV among Postnatal HIV Women in Tertiary Care Hospital

B. Sri Naga Sai Bhargav | R. Akhil Sainath Reddy | M. Shobha Rani | Ch. Ramya Teja

Abstract: Introduction: HIV is a virus that attacks the body natural immune system. The virus will act against the body?s natural defense system and destroy a type of white blood cell in the immune system called a T-helper cell (CD4 cell). In India, preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains one of the foremost challenges in community health. Countrywide MTCT of HIV is estimated to be >?10,000 annually. Objective: The assess the effect of knowledge and adherence on prevention of MTCT of HIV among postnatal women in tertiary care hospital. Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out in GGH, Ongole for a period of 6 months. The knowledge of HIV infected postnatal women about MTCT and adherence to ART regimen among 238 patients was assessed. Results: Our study involves 248 patients out of which 238 patients were included among them 231patients (97.4%) have adequate knowledge and 230 patients (96.54%) have complete adherence to ART regimen. Out of which 8 patients did not have complete adherence towards ART, which among 7 patients finally leads to HIV transmission from mother to child after parturition. Conclusion: From our study we concluded that having knowledge on MTCT and complete adherence towards ART have prevented the transmission of HIV infection from mother to child.

Keywords: HIV, Human Immunodeficiency virus, PMTCT, prevention from mother to child transmission, AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022,

Pages: 678 - 681

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