International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Analysis Study Research Paper | Social Studies | Malaysia | Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022


Relationship between Stress and Job Satisfaction among Institute of Teacher Education Lecturers

Punitha Muniandy | Khairani Zakariya | Azhar Mohd Ali | Ahmad Sukari Mohamad | Chua Chong Sair | Chin Chee Keong | Mohd Saat Abas


Abstract: Early retirement rates among public service employees have been rising recently, particularly among lecturers in the Institute of Teacher Education Malaysia (ITEM). This study was suggested and carried out in order to understand the reasons for this unhealthy trend.The relationship between stress, job satisfaction of lecturers, gender, and marital status has been chosen as the main variables for the study. This study employed a mixed-methods research design. A total of 383 lecturers from 27 campuses of the Institute of Teacher Education Campus (ITEC) throughout Malaysia were involved in an online survey. Interviews and document analysis were also conducted to support the findings of the study. The analysis of quantitative data collected shows that the highest contributing factors to stress are Lecturer’s Trust Duties (LTD), New NormDuties (NND), and Research Work (RW). Follow-up interviews with study participants yield that LTD duties such as TS25 Elite Peer, Preparation and Marking of Coursework and Examination Questions, and Classroom Assessment Instructional Coaching are among the most onerous duties. The findings of this study are also supported by document analysis which shows that stress is the main factor that causes lecturers to opt for early retirement. In addition, this study also obtained two interesting findings: there is no significant difference between the mean stress of male and female lecturers, as well as the marital status of lecturers. In other words, differences in gender and marital status are not factors that influence the stress of ITEC lecturers. Results from the Pearson correlation test on stress and job satisfaction of lecturers showed that there was a significant inverse correlation even though it was not high. This finding indicates that high stress will result in low job satisfaction among lecturers, whereas low stress will bring out high job satisfaction. The findings of this study are significant as it opens space for the relevant authorities from ITEC and ITEMto plan and implement effective strategies or programs that would lessen the stress of the lecturers while, at the same time, bring up high job satisfaction among them in order to ensure the continued excellence of all the ITEC’s, and ITEM as a whole.


Keywords: Elite peer, classroom assessment, lecturer's trust duty


Edition: Volume 11 Issue 9, September 2022,


Pages: 326 - 332


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