International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Student Project | Medical Microbiology | Kenya | Volume 11 Issue 8, August 2022

Occurrence of Post-Surgical Wound Infections, Bacterial Isolates, and their Susceptibility to Commonly Used Antibiotics at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya

Magdaline Burugu | Andrew Nyerere | Susan Odera | Lameck Ontweka

Abstract: Surgical site infections are now the most common and costly of all hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), accounting for 20% of all HAIs. This was a cross-sectional study to determine the occurrence of SSI, the common causative microbes and their antibacterial susceptibility pattern. Sixty-two specimens from various types of surgical wounds were processed by standard methods and antimicrobial susceptibility testing done by disc diffusion method. Recovered bacteria were Staphylococcusaureus (29.6%), Escherichiacoli (22.2%), Pseudomonasaeruginosa (12.9%), Enterococcusfaecalis and Enterobacterspp (7.4%), Klebsiellaspp (5.6%), Streptococcuspyogenes (3.7%) and Acinetobacterspp (1.9%).62.5% of the S. aureus were Methicillin-resistant MRSA, while 75% of E. faecalis were resistant to Vancomycin. Gram-negative rods were highly resistant to Ceftriaxone. Control and prevention measures should be put into place as strategy to minimize the incidence of SSIs and the spread of resistance isolates.

Keywords: Surgical site infection, antimicrobial resistance, antibiotics, Kenya

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 8, August 2022,

Pages: 762 - 765

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