International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Arts and Humanities | Somalia | Volume 11 Issue 7, July 2022


The Effects of Corruption and Instability on Somalia's Federal Government Institutions

Omar Abdi Mohamed Qasaye [15] | Dr. Abdirahman Omar Abdi


Abstract: The objective of this article is to provide relevant context for the effect of corruption and instability on the federal institutions of Somalia. While corruption undoubtedly exists in all societies, it is also clear that it occurs more frequently in some than in others and at particular points in a society's development than at other times. In most cultures, corruption continues to be higher in countries where policies and institutions are weak and it appears to be most rampant during the most intense stages of nascent government. Corruption is also aided by the creation of new sources of wealth and power, the relationship of which to politics is not defined by the dominant traditional norms of the society, on which the corruption is norms accepted by all individuals. It is possible that Corruption may be more unescapable in Somalia's political cultures than in others. Corruption and insecurity are strongly correlated; when institutions are weak, there is instability, and when there is corruption, the security forces are unreliable, and the border is leaky, as it is in Somalia, corruption is endemic. The rest of the Somali clan families, who have been marginalized and are now facing the most confusing and pressing challenges of 4.5 clan formula of power sharing, by the 4.5 clan formulas of political power sharing is genetic fallacy, which, in my opinion, is what is to blame for the corruption of the federal government. It is customary for the member clans of the 4.5 to be honored with the most important government positions, which is where the pandemic corruption, the other facilitation factors at the present is political hybridization (legislature, executive, and judicial) of which one individual holds multiple positions, such as those of minister and member of parliament, which shows a breakdown in the checks and balances system as well as a lack of transparency and accountability. The both the corruption and instability effects on the economy, disrupting livelihoods, frustrating the vulnerable groups such as internal displacement populations (IDPs), women, children, elderly, persons with disabilities, rural people and others suffer disproportionately from corruption, it also the effect of reinforcing marginalization in economic life.


Keywords: corruption, instability, Somalia, federal government


Edition: Volume 11 Issue 7, July 2022,


Pages: 1062 - 1065


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