International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064




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Research Paper | Environmental Engineering | Indonesia | Volume 11 Issue 4, April 2022 | Rating: 4.9 / 10


Bioball Biofiltration and Avicennia Marina Phytoremediation as Greywater Treatment

Pratiwi Hermiyanti [2] | Fitri Rokhmalia [2] | Rizki Amalia [2]


Abstract: Efforts to treat domestic waste can be done by using the phytoremediation method. The use of Avicennia marina as a phytoremediation media plant has been studied previously and proven to maintain the quality of waste according to environmental quality standards. The combination of bioball biofiltration and phytoremediation methods is expected to reduce the pollution of water bodies from greywater. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the Avicennia marina phytoremediation and the bioball aerobic biofiltration methods in treating household greywater waste. This study is experimental research with a pre-test and post-test control group design. The data that has been obtained were analyzed with one-way ANOVA with the aim of using one-way ANOVA to compare physical (turbidity) and chemical parameters (BOD, COD, TSS, nitrate, and phosphate). The turbidity of greywater after going through the treatment with bioball biofiltration and phytoremediation was reduced by 88%. The chemical parameters in BOD, COD, Nitrate, Phosphate, and TSS were also reduced by 83.73%, 84.10%, 89.28%, 92.68%, and 86.06% respectively ? after going through the treatment with bioball biofiltration and Avicennia marina phytoremediation for 14 days. BOD, COD, Nitrate, and TSS have not met the quality standards required by Minister of Environment Regulation No. 68 of 2016 concerning Domestic Waste Quality Standards. Bioball biofiltration and Avicennia marina phytoremediation reactors are effective in reducing turbidity, BOD, COD, Nitrate, Phosphate, and TSS. The existence of Avicennia marina plants on the coast can be useful as an absorbent of pollutants of water bodies.


Keywords: Phytoremediation, aerobic biofiltration, greywater


Edition: Volume 11 Issue 4, April 2022,


Pages: 857 - 860


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