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Masters Thesis | Medical Surgical | India | Volume 11 Issue 2, February 2022
A Pre-Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme (PTP) on Knowledge Regarding Use of Metered Dose Inhalers (MDIs) among Patients Suffering with Asthma or COPD, Admitted in Selected Areas of I.G.M.C, Shimla (H.P.)
Sunita Devi  | Krishna Chauhan | Veena Ranaut
Abstract: Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other parts of the lung. Bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are the most common types of chronic respiratory diseases. The global burden of asthma and COPD is increasing and it is estimated that more than 500 million people suffer from bronchial asthma and COPD. Objectives: To assess the knowledge regarding use of Metered Dose Inhalers (MDIs) among patients suffering with asthma or COPD, to assess the effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme (PTP) on knowledge regarding use of Metered Dose Inhalers (MDIs), to find out association between knowledge regarding use of Metered Dose Inhalers (MDIs) among Asthma or COPD patients with selected demographic variables. Method: The study has adopted quantitative research approach and pre- experimental research design. Total 50 samples were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria through Non-Probability Total Enumeration Sampling Technique. Data was collected in terms of socio demographic profile of the patients suffering from Asthma and COPD, semi structured Knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge regarding use of MDI?s. Results: Major findings of the study revealed that out of 100%, 12% samples were of age 36-55 years, 40% samples were of 56-65 years, 48% samples were between the age of 66-75 years or more. More than half (56%) were male. More than half (66%) were married, 34% were widow and single. More than half (60%) were illiterate, 30% were having primary and secondary, and 10% were belongs to high secondary and graduate or above level of education. Majority of the samples (80%) were having monthly income ranges between 10,001-15000. More than half (66%) belongs to joint family, majority of samples (86%) were having up to 8 members in family. Majority of the samples (72%) were having agriculture as the main occupation, and (92%) were belongs to rural area. Majority (76%) os samples were non- vegetarian. Majority (76%) of samples was smokers and more than half (56%) samples were non-alcoholic. Majority (78%) samples were having no family history of smoking and majority (90%) samples were lacking family history of Asthma or COPD. Majority (80%) samples were having previous history of Asthma or COPD and (50%) positive history of allergy. Majority (88%) of samples using wood as fuel for cooking. 74% of samples had no previous knowledge regarding use of MDIs. In the present study in Pre-Test 8 (16%) samples had inadequate Knowledge, 42 (84%) samples had average, and none of the sample had adequate knowledge out of 50 (100%). In Post-Test none of the samples had inadequate Knowledge, 1 (2%) samples had average, and 49 (98%) samples had adequate Knowledge out of 50 (100%). Mean score was 23.88, SD was 1.986, mean % was 79.60. Mean difference was 11.380, ?t? value was 33.090 which is significant at 0.05 level of significance. There was significant association of Knowledge score with socio-demographic variable (number of family members), chi value is 6.072 which is significant at 0.05 level of significance.
Keywords: Assess, Effectiveness, Planned Teaching Program, PTP, Knowledge, Metered Dose Inhalers, MDI, Asthma, COPD
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 2, February 2022,
Pages: 109 - 117