International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Health and Medical Sciences | Albania | Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022 | Rating: 4.3 / 10

The Prevalence of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Women with Compromised Fertility in Tirana

Mimoza Dollenga [2] | Emirvina Kolici [3]

Abstract: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and heterogeneous disease that involves menstrual dysfunction and compromised fertility, as well as metabolic disorders. The widely accepted consensus is 2003 Rotterdam ESHRE/ASM in which two outthree criteria must befor diagnosis of PCO: hyperandrogenism, oligo/anovulation, polycystic ovary morphology on ultrasound. PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder in women, with an overall prevalence of 5% to 20%, and a frequent cause of infertility (1, 2). There are very few data available on the prevalence of PCOS in Albania. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of PCOS in infertile women according Rotterdam criteria presented in a gynecologic clinic in Tirana from Januar2014 - December 2019 (n=544). The mean age of study population was 30?8 years. In our study 43 women were excluded, 155 (30.9%) had regular menstrual cycle and no sign of hirsutism or acne, 346 (69.1%) had one or more Rotterdam criteria, 226 fulfill the Rotterdam criteria with following phenotypes: 177 (78.3%) OA+ PCOM (group D), 38 (16.8%) HA+ PCOM (group C), 11 (4.9%) HA+OA+ PCOM (group A). The prevalence of PCOS according to Rotterdam criteria was 41.5% (226/544) among the women with infertility and the predominant phenotype was the phenotype D following by phenotype C. The prevalence of PCOS is higher and the phenotype different in women with problem of infertility in relation with general population. The criteria of Rotterdam 2003 and the NIH phenotypes can describe better each population.

Keywords: PCOS, infertility, phenotype

Edition: Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022,

Pages: 1331 - 1334

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