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Research Paper | Medical Science | India | Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022
A Study on Incidence of HIV Infection among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Guruprasad Shivashimpi | Ruchita Vajpai | Bhavani Patil | Aditya Bondar
Abstract: Background: Estimating the HIV seroprevalence in a low risk population, such as pregnant women, provides crucial data for tracking the trajectory of HIV in the general population and aids in the prevention of transmission from mother to child. Methods: This study involved 2000 pregnant women who attended antenatal clinic at Dr. BVP Rural Medical college, Pravara Institute of Medical sciences-Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra India between January 2022 and July 2022. Following pre-test counseling and informed consent, a blood sample was taken and analyzed for HIV antibodies in accordance with NACO recommendations. ELISA was the initial antibody test. Two more tests were performed to confirm any positive results from the initial test. Results: 15 pregnant women out of 2000 were discovered to have HIV, with a seroprevalence rate of 0.5%. The majority of seropositive females (87.5%) were in the 20?30 age range.12.5% of the population was aged 15 to 19. Seroprevalence was greater in people under 20 (1.9%), people with longer reproductive histories (2.4%), and people without a high school diploma (3%). The majority of HIV-positive women had migrant husbands, then truckers. Conclusions: Despite the fact that our study population is not representative of all of India because it is a hospital-based study with a small sample size, this research shows a little increase in HIV prevalence among pregnant women. More than 90% of paediatric AIDS cases are caused by mother-to-child HIV infection during pregnancy, birth, or breast-feeding. Reduced mother-to-child HIV transmission will be achieved through effective antenatal screening, interventions, and preventative measures during pregnancy, delivery and nursing.
Keywords: HIV, Infection, Pregnancy
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022,
Pages: 970 - 972