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Research Paper | Physiotherapy | India | Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022
Effects of Bicycle Ergometer Exercise and Blood Flow Restriction Training on Cardiopulmonary Variables in Gymers
Jobandeep Singh | Manu Vishist
Abstract: Background: Resistance exercise training improves balance and muscle strength. Resistance training programmes are available in health clubs and gyms. Nowadays, blood flow restriction training (BFRT) is gaining ground in the world of exercise. It is beneficial for muscle health in normal individuals as well as a potential alternate training mode for populations who cannot tolerate high-intensity exercise. It involves exercising with an external constricting device (such as blood pressure cuffs) that is applied to the proximal limb musculature with the aim of restricting arterial blood flow and occlusing venous return. Objective: To evaluate the effects of bicycle ergometer exercise and blood flow restriction training along with bicycle ergometer exercise on cardiopulmonary variables in gymers. Research Methodology: In this experimental study, a total of 40 subjects were selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria and divided into two different groups of 20 subjects each. Group A exercised for 15-20 minutes on a bicycle ergometer. Group B exercised for 15-20 minutes on the bicycle ergometer with the application of BFRT. The pressure cuffs attach over the proximal portion of the thigh and inflate at a rate of 100 to 150 mm/hg. Both groups received training three days a week for four weeks. Measurement includes Thigh Girth measurement, pulmonary function test and blood pressure. These measurements were taken before and after the completion of the training period. Results: In Group A, there is a significant improvement in FVC, SBP and DBP as the value of p ?0.05 but there is no significant improvement in PIFR, PEFR, Right and Left thigh girths as the value of p ? 0.05. In Group B, there is a highly significant improvement in all the variables like FVC, PIFR and PEFR, SBP, DBP, Right and Left thigh girth as the value of p ?0.05. Conclusions: This study shows that PFT is improved with the use of BFRT. There is an improvement in BP in both groups, but more in Group B. In the thigh girth measurement, there was no increase in thigh girth size in Group A, and highly significant increase in thigh girth size of both the legs with the BFRT.
Keywords: Blood flow restriction technique, forced vital capacity, peak Inspiratory flow rate, peak expiratory flow rate, pulmonary function test, blood pressure
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 11, November 2022,
Pages: 509 - 515