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Case Studies | Nursing | India | Volume 11 Issue 10, October 2022
A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge regarding Cervical Cancer among B.Sc Nursing IVth Year Students of Govt. College of Nursing, Kota Rajasthan
Pinki  | Chandra Prakesh Meena | Neelam Nama
Abstract: Cervical cancer is the commonest cancer cause of death among women in developing countries. Every year in India, 122, 844 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 67, 477 die from the disease. India has a population of 432.2 million women aged 15 years and older who are at risk developing cancer. It is the second most common cancer in women aged 15-45 years. The peak age of incidence of cervical cancer is 55-59 years, and considerable proportion of women report in the late stages of disease. Specific types of oncogene HPV 16, 18 have been identified in patient with cervical cancer. Other epidemiological risk factors are early at marriage, multiple sexual partners, multiple pregnancies, poor genital hygiene, malnutrition, use of oral contraceptives. HPV prevalence among cervical cancer patient in India has varied from 87.8% to 96.67%. The study was aquasi-experimental study used to evaluate the knowledge of 60 B. SC nursing IVth year students. A Non-probability convenient sampling technique was used to select the samples. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the data from the students. The data obtained were analysed based on the set of objectives of the study using descriptive and inferential statistics. In the present study it is evident that the demographic variables such as age, type of family, place of residence area the calculated chi-square value is less than the critical value at p<0.05 level of significant. So null hypothesis is accepted and research hypothesis is rejected. In demographic variables such as gender, father?s qualification, mother?s qualification, previous knowledge regarding cervical cancer and sources of information regarding cervical cancer, the calculated chi-square value is higher than the critical value at p<0.05 level of significance. So null hypothesis is rejected and research hypothesis is accepted. The obtained data is analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics, Split-half method correlation co-efficient test and chi-square test tested at 0.05 level of significance to find out association of knowledge regarding cervical cancer and selected socio-demographic variables. Findings revealed that the overall mean score was 31.59 and standard deviation 8.50 in post-test for B. Sc. Nursing students which was higher than the overall mean score 18.23 and standard deviation 9.24 in pre-test. Thus, it indicates that there is an enhancement of knowledge and overall effectiveness is 13.35 and standard deviation 0.72 among B. SC Nursing students regarding cervical cancer.
Keywords: Assess, Effectiveness, Structured Teaching Programme, Cervical Cancer, B. SC Nursing Students
Edition: Volume 11 Issue 10, October 2022,
Pages: 767 - 770