International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Nursing | India | Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021

Eisenmenger Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review

Bharti Sachdeva [2]

Abstract: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a medical complication, arising from large congenital anatomical shunts present in the heart. It is the most severe form of pulmonary hypertension characterized by elevated pulmonary vascular resistance and a reversed right-to-left shunting of blood in originally left-to-right shunting. Due to defects present at birth, pressure gradient initially results in a left-right shunt, which leads to severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and elevated vascular resistance. Eventually, due to increased pulmonary vascular resistance, the left-to-right shunt becomes a right-to-left shunt, leading to significant hypoxemia and cyanosis. Although the syndrome is rare and a cardiovascular nurse may not get to see many patients with Eisenmenger syndrome, nurses need to have some basic knowledge about the syndrome, in case they need to care for such a patient in their clinical practice. This review aims to summarize the current knowledge on pathophysiology, clinical presentation and treatment options available for ES.

Keywords: eisenmenger syndrome, pulmonary arterial hypertension, congenital heart defect, left- to-right shunt

Edition: Volume 10 Issue 6, June 2021,

Pages: 1687 - 1688

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