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Research Paper | Cardiology Science | India | Volume 10 Issue 12, December 2021
A Study on Prescription Analysis and Risk Factors Associated among Cardiovascular Diseased Patients in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital
Dr. Anusha Joel A | Aishwarya E. Mammen | M. Rani | Yadav Ashish
Abstract: Aim: A Study on Prescription Analysis and Risk Factors Associated Among Cardiovascular Disease Patients in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital. Objectives: To analyse prescribing pattern of cardiovascular drugs given to patients. To identify potential drug interaction among drugs prescribed to patients with CVDs on conservative treatment, and to identify various etiologies and risk factors in CVDs. Methodology: An Ambispective, observational and hospital-based study was conducted on patients admitted in a tertiary care teaching hospital for a period of 6 months. Data regarding patient?s demographic details, the prescription of the patient who are treated during the course of the study are audited prospectively using a specifically predesigned pro forma. Results: The study reveals that females (63.3%) were more likely to have reported CVD which is largely due to comorbidities and risk factors. Majority of patients were in age group of 41-60 years. The study showed that highest number of patients was suffering from coronary artery disease (19.7%). Among all medications the major class of drugs prescribed were Antiplatelet agents, Anticoagulants, Lipid Lowering Agents and least were Alpha adrenergic blocker. Conclusion: The present study concluded that most of the patients included in the study were suffering from coronary artery disease, ischemic heart disease and hypertension. Multiple risk factors other than alcohol, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and abnormal cholesterol levels plays a major role in development of several cardiovascular diseases and the risk increases with increase in age. The maximum numbers of patients were female; which may be due to comorbidities and several underlying risk factors.
Keywords: Prescription pattern, Cardiovascular Diseases, Risk factors
Edition: Volume 10 Issue 12, December 2021,
Pages: 970 - 978