International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 2 | Views: 76

Case Studies | Anaesthesiology | India | Volume 10 Issue 10, October 2021

Perioperative Management of Pituitary Macroadenoma through Trans Sphenoidal Approach

Dr. Yamsani Karthik | Dr. T. Suryasree | Dr. A. Sivaram

Abstract: Pituitary adenomas often present with the symptoms of hormonal hypersecretion, and although medical therapy is available for most hyperfunctioning states, it is not curative. As a result, transsphenoidal pituitary surgery has become a commonly performed neurosurgical procedure with unique challenges for the anesthesiologist due to the distinct medical comorbidities associated with various adenomas. Any type of pituitary tumor may also produce hypopituitarism and local mass effects secondary to the expanding intrasellar mass. Here we review the perioperative concerns surrounding surgery to remove adenomas and decompress the sellar space. Special attention is given to Cushing's disease (hypercortisolism secondary to an adrenocorticotropic hormone - secreting adenoma), acromegaly (secondary to a growth hormone - secreting adenoma), and hyperthyroidism in the setting of thyrotropic adenomas. Operative risks, including bleeding, diabetes insipidus, the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, and hypopituitarism, are addressed in detail. Understanding preoperative assessment, intraoperative management, potential complications, their management, and strategies for avoidance are fundamental to successful perioperative patient care and avoidance of morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Pituitary adenoma, Transphenoidalapproach, SIADH, Hypotensiveanaethesia

Edition: Volume 10 Issue 10, October 2021,

Pages: 1188 - 1189

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