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Research Paper | Health and Medical Sciences | Afghanistan | Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020
Study of the Mechanical Causes of Death in Fatalities Referred to the Department of Forensic Medicine
Dr. Abdul Manan Paigham | Dr. Ahmad Wali Ataye 
Abstract: Introduction: All type of external impacts which cause disease or deaths are called trauma. Mechanical trauma is an injury to any portion of the body from the impact of kinetic force which damage the normal anatomy and physiology of an organ or tissue.1-3 Trauma has always been a part of human existence and has significant importance in developing and third world countries. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately one-third of the world's 5.8 million deaths are due to mechanical injuries such as suicide, homicide, war, and road traffic accidents.3 Objectives of the study: To find the mechanical causes of death and the factors that causes those deaths due to mechanical injuries. Research Method: Cross-sectional descriptive study has been planned and designed. Findings: Based on 1257 fatalities, 638 cases (51%) are due to mechanical injuries from which are 538 cases (84%) males, 100 female cases (16%), 312 cases (48.8%) in terms of age of people between 20-40 years old, in terms of marital status, married 422 cases (66.14%), low level of education or illiterate both total 324 cases (50.74%), in terms of low-income or unemployed employment 156 cases (24.45%) and 151 cases (23.66%) respectively) they were. Firearms injuries account for 472 cases (67%), 115 cases (18%) for blunt trauma and 96 cases (15%) for sharp injuries. In terms of causes of death, destruction of vital organs (head, heart, lungs, liver. . . ) 321 cases (50.3%), bleeding 138 cases (21.6%) and the lowest causes of death are amputation of the head. Final findings: The most common fatalities in forensic medicine are mechanical injuries that occur in young married, illiterate, low-income or unemployed men. The main causes of injuries are firearms injuries. Most causes of death are due to the destruction of vital organs.
Keywords: mechanical causes, death, forensic
Edition: Volume 9 Issue 9, September 2020,
Pages: 617 - 622