International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Audiology | Afghanistan | Volume 9 Issue 8, August 2020


The Study Incidence of Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforation due to Age, Gender and Causative Agents

Dr. Abdul Habib Shafaq MD | Dr. Ahmad Wali Ataye MD | Dr. Abdul Aziz Naderi MD | Dr. Mohammad Sarwar Alburz MD | Dr. Din Mohammad Najah MD | Ahmad Zia Yosuf Zai | Dr. Mohammad Aref Ibrahimi MD | Dr. Esmatullah Rasoli MD | Dr. Abdul Hafiz Rahmati MD | Dr. Aziz Ahmad Zhawak


Abstract: Introduction: Traumatic tympanic membrane perforation may be due to direct or indirect source: 1) Inserting of object in to the ear canal for example cotton swabs or accidentally insertion.2) Concussion caused by an explosion or open handed slap across the ear.3) Head trauma, sudden negative pressure, barotraumatic, latrogenic perforation, the sign and symptoms are sudden severe pain, sometimes followed by bleeding, hearing loss and tinnitus. Diagnosed by sign and symptoms and otoscopy and audiometry. Objective: The aim of this article is to study traumatic tympanic membrane perforation. Method and Material: This research is an article review and included several articles which were published in most famous journals, google, pubmed, henari, medical text books and etc up to date journals. Result: In this research we included several articles regarding traumatic tympanic membrane perforation in patients from 6months to 70 years, the average prevalence of TTMP was found 37 % and most of the incidence was between 35-50 years. Conclusion: Traumatic tympanic membrane perforation is an uncommon injury that is under reported. There is the need to indicate on alternative punitive measure among students and security agents unskilled removal of foreign body. Early identified evaluation and referral of patients reduces the attendant morbidity.


Keywords: Trauma, incidence, ear, Tympanic Membrane, Perforation


Edition: Volume 9 Issue 8, August 2020,


Pages: 271 - 275


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