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Research Paper | Law | India | Volume 9 Issue 7, July 2020
Abstract: Experimental Criminology is a branch of Criminology which contracts with the scientific knowledge about crime thus providing assistance to the justice delivery system. In other words, it uses scientific experiments to answer questions about the crime took place: its prevention, punishment and injury. These experiments are to be primarily conducted in real-life settings, rather than in laboratories. It has a wide scope as it tends to assist in finding the actual cause and action of the crime and can help to achieve justice against the crimes to the actual accused. There is a long procedure of conducting experiments in the field of experimental criminology which consists of the stages which are theoretical, social, and methodological. The aim of this branch of criminology is to conduct experiments and using the outcomes in further study and also can be used to do numerous improvements in various fields. The purpose of identifying the step wise procedure is to make progressive change in the design and manner of criminological experiments. Advantages of Experimental Criminology involves lowering the incarceration rates and introducing socialisation to reform the criminals and abolish crime from society. Experimental criminology in the modern era has reduced the threat of causing damage by finding more humane and effective substitutes to long imprisonment. In India, it is tough to implement improvements based upon Criminological interpretations because of politics, bureaucratic hindrances and ideological clashes. Therefore, many reforms would have to be done to implement experimental criminology effectively and make it a successful measure to abolish crime from the society and socialise the criminals.
Keywords: Experimental Criminology, Randomised Controlled Trial, Theoretically Central Hypotheses, CONSORT statement, Trickle flow experiment, Batch Experiment
Edition: Volume 9 Issue 7, July 2020,
Pages: 693 - 699