International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Case Studies | Medicine | Portugal | Volume 9 Issue 2, February 2020


A Defying Case of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

Joao Oliverio Ribeiro [4] | Joao Pinto Machado [5] | Sara Macedo [3] | Eurico Oliveira [4]


Abstract: Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy is a diffuse demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, caused by infection by the JC virus, usually associated with immunosuppression. The authors present the case of a 78 years old male, that was brought to the emergency department due to a confusional state. On the emergency department a Brain Computed Tomography was performed, revealing Multiple cortical-subcortical and deep focal hypodensity areas in both hemysferes, associated with dimming of the grooves, of unknown nature, likely secondary. The patient was admitted and a Brain Magnetic Resonance Image was performed, and confirmed the previous results, even though it didn’t exclude the possibility of a demyelinating disease. Considering the likelihood of a Lymphoma, corthicoids where initiated, but failed to improve the Brain lesions, as confirmed by a second Brain Magnetic Resonance. The clinical status of the patient began to deteriorate, and the patient started to become lethargic and with dysphonia. A lumbar puncture was performed and found no neoplasic cells. Facing the images and fast evolution of the disease, the diagnosis of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy was assumed.


Keywords: Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy, Brain lesions, Confusional State


Edition: Volume 9 Issue 2, February 2020,


Pages: 934 - 936


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