International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Research Paper | Agriculture | Ecuador | Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020

Introduction of Italian Queens through Three Methods for the Genetic Improvement of the Apiary of the State University of Bolivar

Carlos Danilo Valverde Monar | Vinicio Rolando Montalvo Silva [2] | Vicente German Jacome Lopez [2]

Abstract: In the province of Bol?var, Cant?n Guaranda, sector laguacoto II, of the State University of Bol?var, the introduction investigation of 12 queen bees of high genetic value already fertilized for the production of eggs was carried out, by three methods, (transport box, smeared in honey, dusted with flour). It lasted 60 days where 16 hives distributed in four blocks were used, with four treatments, DBCA, Duncan's test at 0.5% for the separation of means. For this, the following objectives were raised: Introduce 12 queen bees of high genetic value in the hives, Improve the productive indices of the apiary, Reduce the aggressiveness of the bees with the incorporation of new queens, Analyze the cost / benefit ratio. Of the 12 Queens, 3 survived, one of each method. When they were introduced into the hives, the first thing to be evaluated was: if they were slaughtered or not; This was done 4 days after the introduction, later with the survivors, data on the production of eggs, larvae at different ages, were taken, when comparing with the control there were no statistical differences. With this activity, it was possible to reduce the aggressiveness of the hives, being T3 (dusted with flour) the best with 106 bites per review. The T1 (transporter box) with 108 stings, the T2 treatment (smeared with honey) with 109 stings. Regarding honey production, the T3 showed better characteristics with 10 frames with honey, weighing 4.23 pounds, the control with 5 frames with an average of 3.15 each. At the beginning of the experiment, the population decreased but with the introduction of the new queens of high genetic value, the laying began and therefore the recovery of the hives, T1 (transport box), T3 (dusted with flour) with 4 Kg c / u respectively, in relation to T2 (smeared with honey) and T4 (control) with 3 Kg of workers.

Keywords: Genetic Improvement, Bol?var, Canton Guaranda

Edition: Volume 9 Issue 10, October 2020,

Pages: 679 - 686

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