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Research Paper | Environmental Science Studies | Ethiopia | Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016
Quantification, Characterization and Recycling Potential of Solid Waste: Case Study Bahir Dar Institute of Technology
Tadele Assefa Aragaw | Addisu Wondimnew | Abraham M. Asmare 
Abstract: Various activities in university generate solid wastes that can pose environmental and human health threat. They can be reused, recycled or composted, if managed properly. However, solid waste management brings significant problem for universities as their collection, transportation, characterization and disposal requires intensive investigation. This study design as minimized cross-sectional study provide sufficient data for appropriate decision making and integrated solid waste management formulation. It was initiated to quantify, characterize and determine the recycling potential of solid wastes from Bahir Institute of Technology. Two study periods, November 1/2015 to December 30/2015and January 31/2016 to February 14/2016 were set by assuming as academic and administrative activities were consistent (except during vacations).50 samples from buildings, dormitories, cafeterias, laboratories and clinics were collected, separated, sorted and characterized. Weight percentage for each category and sub-categories were determined. Under each analysis, average values of triplicate measurements were used. The result of the study reveals that of the average total solid waste generated per day, 57.4 % is compostable, 38.9 % recyclable and 3.6 % non-recyclable wastes. Finally, for effective solid waste management in Bahir Dar Institute of Technology, integrated solid waste management strategies, solid waste generation rate reduction, reuse, recycle, and composting of organic wastes through providing proper training and incentive was recommended.
Keywords: Characterization, Integrated Solid Waste Management, Quantification, Recycling, Solid Waste
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016,
Pages: 2415 - 2420