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Research Paper | Diabetology | India | Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2016
Duration and Quality of Sleep in the Severity of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Rural India
Abstract: Aim of the study was to enumerate the sleep duration and sleep quality in type 2 diabetes patients in rural INDIA. Material and methods All the patients underwent an interview to record information on age sex and duration of diabetes. Hb1AC, and mean blood glucose were done. At the end of the visit, each participant was asked to complete PSQI, a validated 19 questionnaire used to measure the quality and pattern of sleep in the past 1 month. It produces global quality score from 0 to 21, derived from seven components. The components include subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration habitual sleep efficacy, sleep disturbances, use of sleep medication, and day time dysfunction. People with a global score equal or less than 5 are defined to have good sleep quality, while a global score more than 5 identifies those with poor sleep quality. This study was done in rural population with diabetes to enlighten the sleep duration and quality. Results 32 patients [64 %] have good sleep latency. Sleep duration of 36 patients [72 %] is more than 7 hours. Average duration of sleep of 50 patients is 7.56 hours. Habitual sleep efficiency is 0 in most patients [n=48 (98 %)]. Average time of onset of sleep is 1024 PM and average time of getting up from bed is 510 AM.84 % [N=42] have a score of 1 in sleep disturbances.65 % of them get up in the middle of the night and 80 % of them get up for using the toilet for micturition.96 % of patients did not use any sleep medication. Most patients [n=26 (52 %)] have score 2 i. e. fairly good quality of sleep. Conclusion People of rural India have fairly good sleep quality. Their sleep latency is good. They have good sleep duration. Most have nocturia but have sleep without many disturbances. They have good habitual sleep efficacy. They do not take sleeping pills. They do not have daytime dysfunction. They have a good score PSQI.
Keywords: PSQI, type 2 diabetes, sleep in diabetes, rural india
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2016,
Pages: 2280 - 2283