International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 107 | Views: 198

Research Paper | Biochemistry Science | India | Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2016 | Rating: 7 / 10

Clinicoetiological Analysis of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Tanvi Prabhu | Dr. Esha Mati | Dr. Mamata Hegde

Abstract: Jaundice is the most common cause of neonatal admission in hospitals. If uncontrolled, severe hyperbilirubinemia can cause permanent neurological impairment called kernicterus. The aim of this study was to analyse the pattern, severity, causes, risk factors, treatment and outcome of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in our hospital thereby helping identify common preventable risk factors. Methodology: This was a prospective study conducted on jaundiced neonates with serum bilirubin > 5mg/dl admitted in PNC and NICU wards over a period of three months. Maternal, antenatal history was taken. Laboratory parameters included serum bilirubin, Hb, blood counts, Blood groups. Treatment modality and outcome was noted during the hospital stay. Results: Of the 102 cases, 23% were preterm babies, and 38 % had low birth weight. The commonest cause of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia was physiological jaundice (42%) Pathological jaundice cases had significantly higher bilirubin (17.62± 6.11) than physiological jaundice cases (12.5± 3.08) with p value < 0.001. Phototherapy was the commonest mode of treatment with good results.

Keywords: bilirubin, etiology, hyperbilirubenemia, neonates

Edition: Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2016,

Pages: 2239 - 2242

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