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Informative Article | Environmental Science Studies | India | Volume 5 Issue 3, March 2016
Waste Management: Developed and Developing
Abstract: Waste has become a challenge before society as it is being continuously neglected in the field of environment which is getting harmful for the health of living beings as well as the environment in a way that it ends up in surface water contamination, soil pollution because many chemicals like cyanides, mercury etc are highly toxic and exposure can lead to disease or death. Effective waste management strategies are required that involves a synchronised system of controlling the production and disposal of wastes. Most of the waste management techniques like landfills, incineration, sanitary landfills provide a variety of environmental benefits but have negative impacts too like emission of large amount of green house gases. Hence, the major goals involve the reduction of consumption in industrialized cities, increasing the collection and analysis of solid waste data and effectively managing the increasing amount of municipal solid waste. Although, the main objective of the waste management projects are to improve the waste services effectively and to reduce the health hazards caused by inadequate waste collection and disposal systems. This present study is based on the comparison of municipal solid waste management techniques in India and some of the European countries (Germany and Netherlands). The improvisation of laws and involvement of local authorities along with awareness amongst people play a major role in waste management in developed countries. This study also depicts the requirement of advanced techniques and proper laws in developing countries i. e. India and learning of avoidance methods for minimisation of waste along with its utilisation instead of dumping.
Keywords: Environment, waste production, waste minimisation, laws on waste management, health
Edition: Volume 5 Issue 3, March 2016,
Pages: 202 - 203