International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 135 | Views: 269

Research Paper | Microbiology | Albania | Volume 4 Issue 12, December 2015

Leptospirosis an Increase Disease in Albania

Ali. E | Abazaj. E | Hysaj Vila B

Abstract: Leptospirosis is an important public health problem worldwide and in Albania too. Human infection caused by Leptospiraspp usually occurs through direct or indirect exposure to urine of an infected animal. Infection is often ascribed to occupational/recreational exposures mainly associated with male gender. This is a laboratory-based descriptive study of patients clinically suspected for Leptospirosis. There were tested febrile patients in Institute of Public Health, Tirana Albania, during the periods 2010-2014. Serums were screened by ELISA test for antibodies IgM and IgG. We have analyzed 360 suspected cases during 5 years. The seroprevalence of all cases resulted to be 38.8 %. Men were the most predominant cases with 90 % of all samples compared to women 10 %. Average age was 44.62 with min-max 17 to 81 years old. The positivity of men resulted 64.46 %. A significance level have seen between the men and diseases for CI 95 % [1.2325 to 2.2297], OR 1.6577, p=0.0008. Based to the data for the profession the most affected were the farmers in 56 % of cases and the mechanics in 12.9 % of cases. The positivity was more frequent during summer-autumn in 75 % of cases. Conclusion This study reveals a marked increased of Letospirosis. The male were more affected from this infection due to of occupational profile. So this infection should receive the attention of the health authorities in early diagnose for a better prevention.

Keywords: Leptospirosis, IgM and IgG, ELISA, prevalence, disease

Edition: Volume 4 Issue 12, December 2015,

Pages: 8 - 11

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