International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023

Understanding Metabolic Syndrome: Causes Symptoms and Risk Factors

V R Hithesh Sri Sai Reddy [3] | Praneeth Ulavala [14] | Narapaneni Sravanthi [4]

Abstract: Metabolic Syndrome stands as a formidable and escalating challenge to global public health. This article offers a thorough examination of the intricacies surrounding this condition, encompassing its definition, prevalence, risk factors, health ramifications, and management strategies. In an era where obesity and sedentary lifestyles are prevalent, understanding Metabolic Syndrome's multifaceted nature is essential. Metabolic Syndrome is defined by a cluster of interconnected metabolic disturbances, including central obesity, elevated blood pressure, hyperglycaemia, abnormal lipid profiles, and insulin resistance. While diagnostic criteria may vary slightly, their common goal is to identify individuals at heightened risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and other related disorders. The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome is on a relentless ascent worldwide, mirroring the obesity epidemic. This article explores the factors contributing to its rise, including obesity, sedentary habits, genetic predisposition, and dietary choices. These converging factors create a complex interplay, underscoring the importance of a holistic understanding. Metabolic Syndrome's far - reaching health implications extend beyond the individual, affecting the healthcare system and society as a whole. It serves as a critical precursor to cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and non - alcoholic fatty liver disease. These conditions, in turn, exact a substantial toll on quality of life. Management and treatment strategies for Metabolic Syndrome encompass lifestyle modifications, medication, and diligent monitoring. However, the overarching message is clear: proactive efforts are essential to mitigate the impact of this syndrome on public health. Addressing the root causes of obesity and sedentary behaviours is paramount in our collective battle against Metabolic Syndrome. As we navigate the evolving landscape of healthcare, understanding and confronting Metabolic Syndrome represents a pivotal step toward safeguarding the well - being of populations worldwide. This review underscores the urgency of this matter and the need for comprehensive, multidisciplinary approaches to tackle this global health challenge.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, Hyperglycaemia, Obesity, Diabetes

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023,

Pages: 1846 - 1848

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