International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Analysis Study Research Paper | Medicine | India | Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023

Psoriasis - A Clinical Study in a Tertiary Care Centre in South India

Dr. Prathyusha Prabhakar

Abstract: Background: Psoriasis is found worldwide and its prevalence varies in various ethnic groups. The knowledge of the prevalence of Psoriasis along with other factors will be useful for adequate treatment and care of the patients. Aims and objectives: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence, sex ratio, clinical pattern, nail and joint involvement among Psoriasis patients in our medical college. Along with clinical profile, Comorbidities like Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Obesity, Myocardial infarction, hypothyroidism and psychological factors were assessed. Materials and Methods: This was a hospital - based prospective study conducted for 6 months in the dermatology outpatient department in our medical college situated in South India. Results: Prevalence of Psoriasis was 1.3% with involvement of males more than females. Age group most common was 30 - 40 years. Chronic plaque type psoriasis was the most common with the majority of involvement being trunk and limbs (52.8%) followed by palmoplantar and scalp. linear presentation of psoriasis was least in it. Nail involvement was more common in hands. Arthritis was only in 10%. Comorbidities associated with our patients were mainly Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypothyroidism, myocardial infarction, alcoholism and depression. Diabetes mellitus was the most common comorbidity. Majority were obese. Psychological comorbidity associated was depression. Conclusions: Psoriasis is found worldwide but the prevalence varies among different ethnic groups. Our data correlates with previous hospital - based prevalence studies of psoriasis. On the basis of evidence from this study, we should proactively look for metabolic syndrome and psychological problems in psoriasis patients. Thereby treating the patient in their physical and psychological aspects.

Keywords: Psoriasis, Prevalence, Chronic plaque Psoriasis, Comorbidities

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 9, September 2023,

Pages: 847 - 852

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