International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Medical Surgical | India | Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023


Association between Different Types of Central Tympanic Membrane Perforation with Hearing Impairment

Dr. Nirvika Gupta | Dr. Pratibha Vyas | Dr. Priyanshi Gupta [2] | Dr. Nikhil Soni


Abstract: Objective: To evaluate and analyze the association between site of tympanic membrane perforation and hearing impairment. To evaluate and analyze association between size of tympanic membrane perforation and hearing impairment. To evaluate and analyse association between duration of the disease and Degree of Hearing Loss. Methods: 370 patients of Central tympanic Membrane Perforation with dry ear underwent audiologist assessment for degree of hearing loss. Patients were categorised into different groups based on the size and site of tympanic membrane perforation. Pure tone audiometry was performed in all the patients and degree of hearing loss was evaluated on the basis of site and size of tympanic membrane perforation. Results: The results of the study showed that the degree of hearing loss increased as the size of the perforation in the eardrum increased, and this relationship was statistically significant (p < 0.001). And Posterior quadrant perforations are associated with severe and profound hearing loss 10 out of 20 perforations in posterior quadrant are associated with severe hearing loss and 3 are associated with profound hearing loss. Conclusion: In summary, we found that the degree of hearing loss was in proportion with size of the perforation in the eardrum increased. Perforations located in the posterior quadrant and marginal perforations also tended to cause more severe hearing loss. These findings were observed in patients with a type of ear infection, otitis media. Early treatment of ear discharge, reduced hearing, and other symptoms can help improve the prognosis in these cases.


Keywords: Tympanic Membrane, Conductive Hearing Loss, Tympanic Membrane perforation, Association


Edition: Volume 12 Issue 6, June 2023,


Pages: 927 - 930


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