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Review Papers | Health & Nutrition | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
General Health Related Problems and their Dietary Solution in College Going Students
Abstract: Adolescence is the middle stage of the life cycle, characterized by accelerated physical, mental, and emotional growth due to hormonal changes. Boys grow slower than girls and experience mood swings and increased nutritional requirements. Adolescent females are more prone to anemia and obesity due to declining age at menarche and lack of access to healthful foods. Anemia affects 20 - 25 percent of adolescent girls, while obesity affects 10 - 20 percent. Other factors contributing to obesity include hormone imbalance, stress, and familial behaviors. Vulgar acne is a major issue among young people, and has not been linked to any dietary element. It is advised that young people refrain from eating junk food, as it can lead to sebaceous gland over activity and infection. Junk food consumption and its consequences have become a major health concern globally, particularly among children and adolescents. It can lead to obesity and act as a risk factor for various non - communicable diseases, such as heart diseases, cardiovascular disease, cancer, hypertension, and diabetes. Junk food is calorie, salt, and fat dense, and overeating it can lead to a variety of health problems. High levels of junk food consumption, such as mi noodles, burgers, pao - bhaji, sandwiches, hot dogs, patties, pastries, pop - corn, potato chips, carbonated beverages, biscuits, muffins, toast, kulcha - Channa, samosas, and chocolates, have become a worldwide norm for adolescent diets. This has led to youth weight growth, infections, food poisoning, and dental ailments. They frequently eat too much fast food and too little produce, dairy, and other healthy nutrients. According to the WHO, more than 3% of people in India are considered obese. Adolescent obesity is a serious public health issue that is on the rise everywhere. It is one of the best methods for modifying people's eating habits without having an impact on their emotions. Nutritional advice on the value of a balanced diet, the negative consequences of junk food, and ways to improve nutritional status will help to stop the junk food addiction. Nutrition advice should be prioritized in order to encourage consumption of nutritious junk foods such fermented meals, wheat noodles made with lots of veggies, sprouted pulses, sprouted Tikki, and vegetable sprouted pulses, sprouted Tikki, vegetable samosa & cutlets, and wheat and multigrain bread, it should be proposed that nutrition counseling be given more attention.
Keywords: Adolescents, Causes, Health issues, Prevention
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 1602 - 1603