International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Analysis Study Research Paper | Pediatrics | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023

Constipation in Children and Adolescent: A Hospital Based Study of Clinical Presentation with Respect to Etiology

Dr. Siddharth Jain | Dr. Gunjan Kela [2] | Dr. Nida Mirza

Abstract: Background: Constipation remains a frequent presentation to paediatricians, with significant health resource implications. Further, a lack of a generally accepted definition makes it challenging. Functional constipation is the most common presentation in children however in developing countries like India it is believed to be uncommon. In advent of same, this hospital-based study was undertaken to evaluate the etiology and clinical spectrum in patients with constipation according to age group and gender in children and adolescent. Material & Method: 100 patients attending the OPD with constipation history (2 or more than 2 weeks), both organic and non-organic (functional) and meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled for the study. Statistical analysis was done to to show the features and characteristics of collected data. Results: Out of 100 patients, 52% were male. The most commonly affected age group was school age (30%) followed by infants (26%), pre-school children (25%) and adolescents (19%). There were no statistical gender differences in any age group. The comparison of mean duration for relief among different age group shows the non-significant difference (P>0.05). Functional constipation (75%) was the most common case of constipation and occurred maximally in the pre-school age group. Hirschsprung?s disease was responsible for 24% of cases of organic constipation. A statistically significant correlation was observed for comparison of mean Hemoglobin among different age group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Constipation occurs quite frequently among Indian children with functional constipation being the most common cause.

Keywords: Paediatric constipation, Functional, Etiology, Clinical profile, Adolescent

Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,

Pages: 2185 - 2190

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