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Case Studies | Obstetrics and Gynecology | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
To Study the Prevalence and Causes of Antenatal Anemia in a Tertiary Health Care Centre and its Impact on Maternal and Perinatal Outcome
Dr. Himanshu Lata | Dr. Kulwinder Kaur  | Dr. Amritpal Kaur Dhillon | Dr. Permeet Kaur Bagga
Abstract: Anemia is a major contributor to poor pregnancy and birth outcomes in developing countries as it predisposes to premature delivery, increased perinatal morbidity & mortality and increased risk of death during delivery and postpartum. Thus, the present research was conducted to study the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women, to study the causes of anemia and the impact of anemia on maternal and perinatal outcomes. A total of 300 patients were enrolled for the present study. For all patients, detailed history regarding age, parity, previous obstetric history, history regarding blood transfusion, iron, caloric intake was taken and complete blood tests were done. Maximum cases were of severe anemia, with microcytic hypochromic picture on PBF suggesting iron deficiency anemia. Anemia was more common in younger patients. Prevalence of urinary tract infections was more in severely and moderately anemic patients. Thus, major causes of anemia came out to be nutritional anemias, iron deficiency anemia, UTI, and multiparity. Preterm labour was most common maternal complication of anemia followed by abruptio placentae, postpartum hemorrhage and APH. There was significant improvement in hemoglobin levels on post partum day 28 with hematinics. Fetal complications include low birth weight babies, IUGR, respiratory distress and birth asphyxias.
Keywords: Hemoglobin, iron deficiency, postpartum haemorrhage, microcytic hypochromic, preterm labour
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 908 - 912
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