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Research Paper | Pathology | India | Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023
After-Effects of Blood Donation: A Study from a Tertiary Care Center
Dr. Kirti Hada | Dr. Sanjeev Narang | Dr. Anjali Singh | Dr. Romi Srivastava
Abstract: Introduction: Blood donation is a noble act. It is usually a safe procedure. It plays very important role in any healthcare system for saving many lives around the world. About 30% of all people require blood or its products during their life. However it is observed that some donors may experience the adverse reaction to this procedure ranging from mild (fatigue, weakness, pain on Venepuncture site) to moderate (vasovagal syncope with or without loss of consciousness, hematoma, thrombophlebitis and very rarely serious reactions (cardiac symptoms, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, TIA, CVA). Aim and objective: Main aim of this study was to analyse the frequency off adverse effect happened post blood donation and to study the factors responsible for same. Material and method: A retrospective observational study was performed from January 2022 to February 2022 and a total of 284 whole blood donors were contacted post donation and a series of predefined questioner was asked and data was recorded and analysed. Results: Total 322 blood donors were contacted, out of which only 284 responded to our phone call. Overall 248 (87.3%) of the donors were male and 36 (12.7%) were female out of which 8 (2.8%) donors experienced the adverse effects post blood donation. Among those 6 (2.4%) were male and two (5.6%) were females. Out of these eight donors seven were first time donors and one was repeated blood donor. Conclusion: During the study we found that first time donors are more prone to experience adverse reaction as compared to repeated donors. Female donors are more vulnerable to adverse reaction as compared to males (almost double).
Keywords: Adverse effect, adverse reactions, blood donors, follow up, haemovigilance
Edition: Volume 12 Issue 5, May 2023,
Pages: 647 - 649